Factors affecting the currency conversion rates

The foreign exchange market is the hottest and biggest highly liquefies financial market in the entire world. The participants of this market are large banks, governments and big multinational companies and financial institutions. The currency exchange market is recently introduced to the public. Any individual can enter into the field of currency conversion trading making use of the foreign exchange broker.

Basically foreign currency conversion market deals with trading between different foreign currencies. In this trading, you buy a currency using a foreign currency of another type. The industry runs purely on speculation. The participants of currency conversion indulge in trading and buy a foreign currency expecting the currency to have more value in the future.

The results of currency conversion trading happening in one country will affect the other countries in the market. The countries will open and close the currency exchange market with different time zones. On the whole the market of foreign currency exchange is open all the time on all 5 weak days.

The market highly depends on the currency conversion rates. The buying and selling of currencies greatly depend on the future value of the currency. The currency conversion rates change everyday. The value of US dollar or practically any currency will not remain the same next day. The rates are continually changing and you have to carefully follow the changes to make profit.

There are several economic and political factors that affect the currency conversion rates. Depending on these conditions in the participant countries, the corresponding value of foreign currency will increase or decrease.

Budget of the government

The currency value of a country varies with the government’s budget. If the revenue of the country exceeds its expenditures then it has budget surplus and the currency rate increases. The opposite occurs when the country has more debts.

Trade levels of a country

The currency conversion rate increases when the country has trade surplus, that is, it exports more than it imports. The trade deficit will have adverse effect on the currency value.

Inflation trends

When there is inflation in the government’s economy, the purchasing power is reduced which causes the currency value to decrease. Sometimes the currency value will increase expecting the banks to increase the interest rates to balance the economy of the country.

Robust economic growth

The economic growth of the country is determined by various numbers like GDP, FDP etc. When these numbers are high the country is economically strong which increases the demand for its currency.

Political factors

The political stability of the country has impacts on the relationship with other countries. If the political condition becomes instable then the credibility of the country is declined thereby affecting the currency value.

Traders’ psychology

When more and more traders are trying to buy the strong foreign currency then the demand increases. As a result of this the currency value also increases. Generally when rumors spread in the industry when a specific foreign currency is expected to increase in value the traders buy them. When the value is actually found to increase, those currencies are sold. When the supply of  a particular currency increases, the conversion rate starts to decline.

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